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初中现在完成时练习题及答案参考

试题 时间:2018-08-04 我要投稿

初中现在完成时练习题及答案参考

  第一篇:《初中英语语法现在完成时练习题及答案》

初中现在完成时练习题及答案参考

  一、时态讲解:现在完成时

  (1)构成:现在完成时由助动词have + 过去分词构成,助动词have 有人称和数的变化。第三人称单数用has,其余用have.

  现在完成时的否定式直接在助动词后面加上not、疑问式是把助动词提到主语之前。以

  (2)用法:

  1或存在的状态。说话人强调的是该动作或状态对现在的结果或影响。

  My daughter has just gone out. 我女儿刚出去。

  I’m sure we’ve met before. 我肯定我们以前见过面。 She has arrived. 她到了。

  2)表示持续到现在的动作或状态,往往和包括现在在内的表示一段时间的状语连用,如recently, already, just, lately, for…, since…,yet等。如:

  I haven’t heard from her these days. 这些日子我没有收到她的信。 We haven’t seen you recently. 最近我们没有见到你。

  They have been away for two years. 他们离开已经两年了。

  She has been with us since Monday. 注意:

  a) since和for的区别

  since后接时间点,如1993,last term, yesterday, the time I got there

  for后接一段时间,表示“长达多久”,如ten years, a while, two days等。 Exercise: 用since和for填空

  1. Jim has been in Ireland ______ Monday. 2. Jill has been in Ireland ______ three days. 3. His aunt has lived in Australia ______15 days.

  4. Mary is in her office. She has been there ______ 7 o'clock. 5. India has been an independent country ______1974.

  6. The bus is late. They've been waiting ______ 20 minutes.

  7. Nobody lives in those houses. They have been empty ______ many years. 8. Mike has been ill ______a long time. He has been in hospital ______ October.

  2)表示短暂意义的动词如arrive, leave, borrow, buy, begin, start, die等,在完成时当中不能和表示一段时间的状语连用,因为它们表示的动作不可能持续。因此,不能说: He has come here for 2 weeks. × The old man has died for 4 months. × They have left only for 5 minutes. × 以上三句话可以改为:

  He has been here for 2 weeks.

  The old man has ______ _______ for 4 months. They have _____ _____ only for 5 minutes 2)have (has) been 和have (has) gone的区别:表示“曾到过某地”要用 “have (has) been”; 表示“已经去某地”要用 “have (has) gone”。试比较:

  Where has he been? 他刚才到哪里去了?(已经回来了) Where has he gone? 他上哪儿去了?(人不在) They have been to Canada. 他们到过加拿大。(现在已经不在加拿大) They have gone to Canada. 他们到加拿大去了。(可能在路上和已经到加拿大).

  3)现在完成时不能和表示过去的时间状语连用,如yesterday, last year, in 1976, two days ago, just now, when I came in,但可以和already, yet, sometimes, always, often, before, lately, recently, once, twice, ever, never等连用。例如:

  She has already come. 她已经来了。 I haven’t read it yet. 我还没读过这个。 I have met him before. 我从前曾见过他。

  Ma Hong has always been a good student. 马红一直是个好学生。 I have often seen him in the street. 我经常在街上看见他。 They have never been to Yan’an. 他们从未去过延安。 I haven't seen him lately. 我近来没看到他。

  Exercise:

  I. Fill in the blanks with the proper form.

  1. I____ already ____ (see) the film. I ________ (see) it last week. 2. _____ he ____ (finish) his work today? Not yet.

  3. My father ____ just ____ (come) back from work. He is tired now. 4. Where’s Li Ming ? He __________ (go) to the teacher’s office. 5. I __________ (work) here since I ______ (move) here in 1999.

  6. So far I _______________(make) quite a few friends here.

  7. How long ________ the Wangs ______________(stay) here ? For two weeks. 8. I ________ just ___________ (finish) my homework. 9. He ________ (go) to school on foot every day. 10.____ you ______ (find) your science book yet? 11. If it ____ (be) fine tomorrow, I'll go with you.

  12. The students ____________ (read) English when the teacher came in. 13. Look! The monkey __________ (climb) the tree. 14. My mother __________ (come) to see me next Sunday.

  15. I've lost my pen. _________ you ________ (see) it anywhere? II. Choose the best answer.

  1. How long have you _______ here?

  A. come B. got C. arrived D. been 2. My grandpa died _________.

  A. at the age of my 2 B. for 2 years C. when I was 2. D. my age was 6. 3. Jane has _____ to BeiJing. She will come back tomorrow.

  A. been B. gone C. went D. never been 4. It is ten years _____ I last saw her.

  A. after B. since C. for D. that 5.--Who will go to the station to meet Lorry? --I will. I _____ her several times. A. met B. have met C. had met D. will meet 6. --What a nice dress! How long _____ you _____ it? --Just 2 weeks.

  A. will, buy B. did, buy C. are, having D. have, had 7.--Do you know Lydia very well?

  --Yes, She and I _____ friends since we were very young.

  A. have made B. have become C. have been D. have turned 8. The Smiths _______ in China for 8 years.

  A. has lived B. lived C. have been D. live 9. --Hello, this is Mr. Green speaking. Can I speak to Mr. Black? -- Sorry. He ______ the Bainiao Park.

  A. has been to B. has gone to C. went to D. will go to 10. --____ you ever ____ to the US? -- Yes, twice.

  A. Have, gone B. Have, been C, Do, go D. were, going III. Rewrite the sentences.

  1. I have been to Macau before. (改为否定句)

  I _________ _________ been to Macau before.

  2. 就划线部分提问) ______ _______ he come to school?

  3. I bough a new bike just now. (用just改写) I ____ just ____ a new bike.

  4. We began to learn English three years ago.(改为同义句) We ____ ____English ____three years

  5. He has never surfed, _______ _______? (改成反意疑问句)

  (对划线部分提问) _______ _______have they been here?

  7. The old man _________ last year. He has _______ _______for a year. (die) 8. Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同义句转换)

  Miss Gao has _______ ________ ________ an hour ago. Ask the questions初中现在完成时专练

  1) I have been there for two days.

  __________ _________ __________ you __________ __________? 2) My father has lived here since 2000.

  _________ _________ __________ your father _________ __________? _________ ________ he _________ __________? __________ ___________ they __________ a book?

  Use “never, ever, already, just, yet, for, since” to fill in the blanks. 1. I have _______ seen him before, so I have no idea about him. 2. Jack has _________ finished his homework.

  3. Mr. Wang has taught in this school ________ ten years.

  4. “Have you ________ seen the film?” “No, I have ________ seen it.” 5. “Has the bus left _______?” “Yes, it has _________ left.” 现在完成时练习题及答案 一、翻译下列句子:

  你曾经吃过鱼和薯条吗? 2. 我刚刚丢了我的化学书。

  3. 我以前从来没去过那个农场。 4. 他已经吃过午饭

  5. 你已经看过这部电影了吗? 6. 我哥哥还没回来。

  7.这本字典我已买了三年了。 8.他离开中国三年了。

  9.我认识他们五年了。

  (动词填空)

  第二篇:《初中英语现在完成时专项练习题及答案》

  初中英语现在完成时专项练习题及答案

  一、 单项选择。

  1、Both his parents look sad .Maybe they _________what's

  happened to him .

  A. knew B. have known C. must know D.will know

  2、He has _______ been to Shanghai , has he ?

  A. already B.never C.ever D. still

  3、Have you met Mr Li ______?

  A. just B. ago C.before D. a moment ago

  4、The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two year

  A. is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written

  5、—Our country ______ a lot so far .

  —Yes . I hope it will be even ______ .

  A. has changed ; well B. changed ; good

  C. has changed ; better D. changed ; better

  6、Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years .

  A. was ; studying B. will ; study

  C. has ; studied D. are ; studying

  7、We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl .

  A. know B. had known C. have known D. knew

  8、Harry Potter is a very nice film .I_______ it twice .

  A. will see B. have seen C. saw D.see

  9、—These farmers have been to the United States .

  —Really ? When _____ there ?

  A. will they go B. did they go

  C. do they go D. have they gone

  10、—______ you ___ your homework yet ?

  —Yes . I _____ it a moment ago .

  A. Did ; do ; finished B. Have ; done ; finished

  C. Have ; done ; have finished D. will ; do ; finish

  11、 His father ______ the Party since 1978 .

  A. joined B. has joined C. was in D. has been in

  12、—Do you know him well ?

  — Sure .We _________ friends since ten years ago .

  A. were B. have been C. have become D. have made

  13、—How long have you ____ here ?

  —About two months .

  A. been B. gone C. come D. arrived

  14、Hurry up! The play __________ for ten minutes .

  A. has begun B. had begun C. has been onD. began

  15、 It _____ ten years since he left the army .

  A. is B. has C. will D. was

  16、 Miss Green isn't in the office . she_______ to the

  library .

  A.has gone B. went C.will go D. has been

  17、My parents ______ Shandong for ten years .

  A. have been in B. have been to

  C. have gone to D. have been

  18、The students have cleaned the ?

  A. so they B. don’t they C. have they D. haven’t they

  19、 has Mr White been a member of Greener China si

  nce China?

  A. How soon, comes B. How often, got

  C. How long, came D. How far, arrived

  20、 His uncle more than 9 years.

  A. has come here B. has started to work

  C. has lived there D. has left the university

  二、 句型转换。

  3、The old man _________ last year. He for a

  year. (die) (动词填空)

  4、This factory opened twenty years ago.(同义句转换)

  This factory ________ for twenty years.

  5、Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同义句转换)

  Miss Gao ________ _______ ________ ________ an hour ago.

  6、Her mother has been a Party member for three years .(同义句) Her mother _______ the Party three years ________ .

  7、The Green Family moved to France two years ago. (同义句转换) _______ two years ________ the Green family moved to Fra nce.

  8、The bus has arrived here. It arrived ten minutes ago. (把两个句

  子合并成一个句子)

  三、 汉译英。

  4、 她还没有看过那部新电影。

  5、 她去过上海。

  6、 他这些天上哪儿去了?

  参考答案:

  一、单项选择。

  1、现在完成时主要强调过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响,或过去

  发生的动作还未结束,一直持续到现在或将来,重点在于对现在的影响。这种考查难度较大,往往无时间状语,需要从上下文分析、推理

  才行。故上两侧根据上下文分析、推理,正确答案是B。

  2、现在完成时常与already(已经),just(刚刚,正好),ever(曾

  经),never(从来,也不;从不),before(以前),yet(仍然)

  等连用。故2应选B。

  3、C

  4、现在完成时常与recently(近来),so far(到目前为止),in the past/“last + 一段时间”等时间状语连用。因为上述短语表示的是从

  现在起往前推算的一段时间,句中的动作是从过去某一时间或时刻开

  始持续到现在的。故4应选D。

  5、C

  6、现在完成时时常与“for +时间段或since +过去时间点”连用(含

  从句,从句过去时)。故6应选C。

  7、C

  8、现在完成时还与once(一次),twice(两次),three times(三次),several times(几次)等表示重复次数的词语连用。故8应

  选B。

  9、现在完成时与一般过去时容易混淆,就是因为它们所表示的动作都发生在过去,但二者又有区别:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的事、存在的.状态或经常发生的动作,说话的侧重点在于陈述一件过去的事情,与现在没有关系;现在完成时表示与现在有关系的发生在过去的动作,它不与表示过去的时间状语(如yesterday , last week ,

  a moment ago等)连用。故9的正确答案为B。

  10、B

  11、现在完成时中,非延续性动词不能与for和since引导的表示一段时间的状语连用,通常是用相应的延续性动词来代替。故11的正确答案依次为:D。

  12、B 13、A 14、C 15、A。

  16、“have/has gone to + 地点”表示“某人去了某地(还未回来)”,指主语所指的人不在这儿。“have/has been in + 地点”

  第三篇:《初中现在完成时练习题及答案》

  一、时态讲解:现在完成时

  (1)构成:现在完成时由助动词have + 过去分词构成,助动词have 有人称和数的变化。第三人称单数用has,其余用have.

  现在完成时的否定式直接在助动词后面加上not、疑问式是把助动词提到主语之前。以study 为例,其否定式、疑问式和简单回答形式如下:

  (2)用法:

  1)现在完成时通常表示在或存在的状态。说话人强调的是该动作或状态对现在的结果或影响。

  My daughter has just gone out. 我女儿刚出去。

  I’m sure we’ve met before. 我肯定我们以前见过面。

  She has arrived. 她到了。

  2)表示持续到现在的动作或状态,往往和包括现在在内的表示一段时间的状语连用,如recently, already, just, lately, for…, since…,yet等。如:

  I haven’t heard from her these days. 这些日子我没有收到她的信。

  We haven’t seen you recently. 最近我们没有见到你。

  They have been away for two years. 他们离开已经两年了。

  She has been with us since Monday.

  注意:

  a) since和for的区别

  since后接时间点,如1993,last term, yesterday, the time I got there

  for后接一段时间,表示“长达多久”,如ten years, a while, two days等。

  Exercise: 用since和for填空

  1. Jim has been in Ireland ______ Monday.

  2. Jill has been in Ireland ______ three days.

  3. His aunt has lived in Australia ______15 days.

  4. Mary is in her office. She has been there ______ 7 o'clock.

  5. India has been an independent country ______1974.

  6. The bus is late. They've been waiting ______ 20 minutes.

  7. Nobody lives in those

  初中现在完成时专练

  houses. They have been empty ______ many years.

  8. Mike has been ill ______a long time. He has been in hospital ______ October.

  2)表示短暂意义的动词如arrive, leave, borrow, buy, begin, start, die等,在完成时当中不能和表示一段时间的状语连用,因为它们表示的动作不可能持续。因此,不能说:

  He has come here for 2 weeks. ×

  The old man has died for 4 months. ×

  They have left only for 5 minutes. ×

  以上三句话可以改为:

  He has been here for 2 weeks.

  The old man has ______ _______ for 4 months.

  They have _____ _____ only for 5 minutes

  2)have (has) been 和have (has) gone的区别:表示“曾到过某地”要用 “have (has) been”; 表示“已经去某地”要用 “have (has) gone”。试比较:

  Where has he been? 他刚才到哪里去了?(已经回来了)

  Where has he gone? 他上哪儿去了?(人不在)

  They have been to Canada. 他们到过加拿大。(现在已经不在加拿大)

  They have gone to Canada. 他们到加拿大去了。(可能在路上和已经到加拿大).

  3)现在完成时不能和表示过去的时间状语连用,如yesterday, last year, in 1976, two days ago, just now, when I came in,但可以和already, yet, sometimes, always, often, before, lately, recently, once, twice, ever, never等连用。例如:

  She has already come. 她已经来了。

  I haven’t read it yet. 我还没读过这个。

  I have met him before. 我从前曾见过他。

  Ma Hong has always been a good student. 马红一直是个好学生。

  I have often seen him in the street. 我经常在街上看见他。

  They have never been to Yan’an. 他们从未去过延安。

  I haven't seen him lately. 我近来没看到他。

  Exercise:

  I. Fill in the blanks with the proper form.

  1. I____ already ____ (see) the film. I ________ (see) it last week.

  2. _____ he ____ (finish) his work today? Not yet.

  3. My father ____ just ____ (come) back from work. He is tired now.

  4. Where’s Li Ming ? He __________ (go) to the teacher’s office.

  5. I __________ (work) here since I ______ (move) here in 1999.

  6. So far I _______________(make) quite a few friends here.

  7. How long ________ the Wangs ______________(stay) here ? For two weeks.

  8. I ________ just ___________ (finish) my homework.

  9. He ________ (go) to school on foot every day.

  10.____ you ______ (find) your science book yet?

  11. If it ____ (be) fine tomorrow, I'll go with you.

  12. The students ____________ (read) English when the teacher came in.

  13. Look! The monkey __________ (climb) the tree.

  14. My mother __________ (come) to see me next Sunday. 15. I've lost my pen. _________ you ________ (see) it anywhere?

  1. have, seen, saw 2. Has, finished 3. has, come 4. has gone 5. have worked, moved 6. have made 7. have, stayed 8. have, finished 9. goes 10. have, found 11. is 12. were reading 13. is climbing 14. is coming 15. Have, seen

  II. Choose the best answer.

  1. How long have you _______ here?

  A. come B. got C. arrived D. been

  2. My grandpa died _________.

  A. at the age of my 2 B. for 2 years

  C. when I was 2. D. my age was 6.

  3. Jane has _____ to BeiJing. She will come back tomorrow.

  A. been B. gone C. went D. never been

  4. It is ten years _____ I last saw her.

  A. after B. since C. for D. that初中现在完成时专练

  5.--Who will go to the station to meet Lorry?

  --I will. I _____ her several times.

  A. met B. have met C. had met D. will meet

  6. --What a nice dress! How long _____ you _____ it?

  --Just 2 weeks.

  A. will, buy B. did, buy C. are, having D. have, had

  7.--Do you know Lydia very well? --Yes, She and I _____ friends since we were very young.

  A. have made B. have become C. have been D. have turned

  8. The Smiths _______ in China for 8 years.

  A. has lived B. lived C. have been D. live

  9. --Hello, this is Mr. Green speaking. Can I speak to Mr. Black?初中现在完成时专练

  A. has been to B. has gone to C. went to D. will go to

  10. --____ you ever ____ to the US? -- Yes, twice.

  A. Have, gone B. Have, been C, Do, go D. were, going III. Rewrite the sentences.

  1. I have been to Macau before. (改为否定句)

  I _________ _________ been to Macau before.

  2. He hasn’t come to school 就划线部分提问)

  ______ _______ he come to school?

  3. I bough a new bike just now. (用just改写)

  I ____ just ____ a new bike.

  4. We began to learn English three years ago.(改为同义句)

  We ____ ____English ____three years

  5. He has never surfed, _______ _______? (改成反意疑问句) (对划线部分提问) _______ _______have they been here?

  7. The old man _________ last year. He has _______ _______for a year. (die)

  8. Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同义句转换)

  Miss Gao has _______ ________ ________ an hour ago.

  Ask the questions

  1) I have been there for two days.

  __________ _________ __________ you __________ __________?

  2) My father has lived here since 2000.

  _________ _________ __________ your father _________ __________? _________ ________ he _________ __________? __________ ___________ they __________ a book?

  (动词填空)

  Use “never, ever, already, just, yet, for, since” to fill in the blanks.

  1. I have _______ seen him before, so I have no idea about him.

  2. Jack has _________ finished his homework.

  3. Mr. Wang has taught in this school ________ ten years.

  4. “Have you ________ seen the film?” “No, I have ________ seen it.”

  5. “Has the bus left _______?” “Yes, it has _________ left.”

  用适当的时态填空:

  1.She’s _____________ (live) here ever since she was ten.

  2.Both of them ________________ (be) in Hongkong for ten days.

  3.Both of them ____________ (come) to Hongkong ten days ago.

  4. Half an hour __________ (pass) since the train __________ (leave).

  5. Mary________(lose) her pen. ________ you _______(see) it here and there?

  6. _________ you _____ (find) your watch yet?

  7. ---Are you thirsty? ---No I _________just _________ (have) some orange.

  8. We ---- already _________ (return) the book.

  9. ________ they _______ (build) a new school in the village?

  10. I _____________(not finish) my homework . Can you help me?

  11. My father _____ (read) the novel twice.

  12. I _________ (buy) a book just now.

  13. I _________ (lost ) my watch yesterday.

  14. My father ___________ (read) this book since yesterday.

  初中现在完成时专练

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