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英语练习题及答案

试题 时间:2018-11-05 我要投稿

英语练习题及答案

  Welcome to Sunshine Town练习题及答案

英语练习题及答案

  Unit 2 Welcome to Sunshine Town

  I. 单项选择

  ( )1. __________ this book belong to __________?

  A. Does; Jim B. Does; Jim’s C. Is; Jim D. Is; Jim’s

  ( )2. Daniel is very happy because today is __________ Day.

  A. Child’s B. Children’s C. Childs’ D. Childrens’

  ( )3. There __________ bread and apples in the fridge.

  A. are much B. are lots of C. is many D. is lots of

  ( )4. I’ll come back in three __________ time.

  A. day B. days C. day’s D. days’

  ( )5. They are __________.

  A. woman teachers B. women teacher

  C. women teachers D. womans teachers

  II. 根据要求变换句子。

  1. This book is his. (改为同义句)

  This book __________ __________ __________ .

  2. What other things do you need? (改为同义句)

  __________ __________ do you need?

  3. Is there a bottle of milk in the fridge? (改为复数形式)

  ________________________________________in the fridge?

  4. We need two kilos of ham for the party. (对画线部分提问)

  ____________________________________________________________

  5. They have three kilos of beef for the dinner. (对画线部分提问)

  ____________________________________________________________

  6. There is only one loaf of bread for us. (对画线部分提问)

  ____________________________________________________________

  III. 根据句意,选用“how much ”或“how many”填空。

  1. ____________________ beef do you need, Millie?

  2. ____________________ people are there in your family?

  3. He has some water. _______________ do you have?

  4. Can you tell me _______________ students there are in your class?

  5. ______________ is the pork?

  6. _____________ meat is there in the fridge?

  7. ________________ apples do you have 初中物理?

  8. Can you count _________________ eggs there are in the basket?

  9. ________________ ham would you like?

  10. _______________ tomatoes does she have?

  【答案】

  一、单项选择 1. A 2. B 3. D 4. D 5. C

  二、根据要求变换句子

  1. belongs to him

  2. What else

  3. Are there any bottles of milk

  4. How much ham do you need for the party?

  5. How many kilos of beef do they have for the dinner?

  6. How many loaves of bread are there for us?

  三、用How much或How many填空

  1. How much

  2. How many

  3. How much

  4. how many

  5. How much

  6. How much

  7. How many

  8. how many

  9. How much

  10. How many

  十大动词精讲:break

  break vt., vi. broke, broken, breaking

  打破;碰破;折断;打碎 The stone broke the window.石头打坏了窗子。

  The cup broke on the floor.杯子摔碎在地板上了。

  You'll break your neck if you aren't more careful! (喻)你如果不加倍小心,你会摔死的!

  分裂;裂开 The newly-published chronicle breaks down into eight major parts.

  这部新出版的编年史分成八大部分。

  毁坏;弄坏;损坏 He broke his wristwatch.他把他的手表弄坏了。

  (突然用力)变成;成为 The prisoner broke loose.犯人脱逃了。

  擦破 to break the skin擦破皮肤

  违背;违犯;不遵守 to break the law犯法

  He always breaks faith with his clients.他对顾客总是不守信用。

  It took all the members of the section the whole day to break the back of the job.

  全组人员干了一整天才把的最主要部分完成了。

  If smeone breaks a rule, the problem goes before the whole group.

  如果有人违反了制度,就把问题提交给全体成员解决。

  闯 He broke into the shop他闯入商店。

  驯服;制服 to break a horse驯服一匹马

  超过;超越 to break a record in sports打破运动记录

  泄露;发布;透露 to break the news 发布消息

  中断 Let's break for a meal.让我们休息一下去吃饭吧。

  结束;停止to break the silence打破沉寂

  突然发生,突然出现 as day breaks拂晓时Day breaks.; Day dawns.天亮了。

  衰退;减弱His health broke.他的衰退。

  突变 His voice broke when he was 15.他15岁时嗓音突然变了。

  破译(密码) She broke their code.她破译了他们的密码。

  【习惯用语】

  break the back of完成主要的或最艰难的部分

  It took all the members of the section the whole day to break the back of the job.

  全组人员干了一整天才把工作的最主要部分完成了。

  break camp拔营

  break cover跳出躲藏处

  break the ice打破冷场

  break new ground有新发现

  The scheme says nothing new; it doesn't break new ground.这个方案没有新意,它没有提出新的见解。

  break step步伐紊乱

  break wind放屁

  【词性变化】break n.破;破裂;破隙 a break in the clouds云朵间的一线青天

  暂停;休息 a coffee break饮咖啡的小憩

  Let's have a break.让我们休息一会儿。

  After a short break the play continued.休息片刻后,戏继续开演。

  We've been doing experiments 24 hours without a break.

  我们的实验已连续不断地进行了二十四小时。

  突变 a break from the past 一反过去的做法

  A break anywhere in the circuit may cause the lights in the neighbourhood to go out.

  电路上任一处断路,都会使这一带的电灯熄灭。

  The cold weather broke at the beginning of April. 寒冷的天气到四月初开始变暖了。

  破晓 at day-break破晓时

  〈台球〉连续击球得分;〈网球〉接发球得分

  机会;运气 Give him a break. 给他一次机会。

  【常用词组】

  break away逃走;逃脱

  The robbery suspect broke away from the lockup.抢劫嫌疑犯从拘留所逃脱了。

  Modern music like jazz has broken away from the old traditional rules. (喻)

  现代音乐如爵士乐摆脱了旧的传统规则。

  断裂;开裂

  A large piece of ice broke away from the main block. 一大块冰从整个大冰块上断裂开来。

  break down 破坏;拆散

  The Congressmen of the Republican tried to break down the opposition from their opponents to their proposal. (喻)共和党的议员们试图使他们的反对派不再反对他们的提案。

  Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.

  人体中的元素把食物分解成有用的物质。

  break down old conventions打破旧框框

  The robbers broke the door down.强盗们把门砸开了。

  The peace talks are said to have broken down. (喻)据说和谈破裂了。

  制服;被制服(机器)损坏

  Our truck broke down outside town.我们的卡车在城外抛锚了。

  The car broke down halfway to the destination.汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。

  The car broke down halfway to the camp.车子在去营地的半路上抛锚了。

  The 8 o'clock train broke down at Ferngreen station and was taken off the line.'

  8点钟的那趟车因在芬格林车站出了故障而被取消了。

  失败;破裂 Their opposition broke down.他们的反对意见打消了。

  精神崩溃;失去控制 He broke down and wept.他不禁失声痛哭。

  起化学变化Food is broken down by chemicals.化学物质引起食物转化。

  细分;分类

  break even不赚不赔;收支平衡

  break in 闯入;强行进入

  The burglar broke in and stole my money.夜窃贼破门而入,偷了我的钱。

  打断;插嘴 It's her usual habit to break in with some ideas of her own.

  他常常打断别人的话来发表自己的观点。

  Don't break in when the adventurer is telling his own story.

  冒险家讲他自己的经历时,别打断他。

  Children shouldn't break in on adults' conversation.

  小孩子不要打断大人们的谈话。

  The telephone ring broke in on/upon my thoughts.电话铃声打断了我的思路。

  训练;驯养;使(某人)熟悉工作

  The engineering doctor from abroad only broke in with us last month.

  从国外回来的工程博士是上个月才开始和我们一道工作的。

  break into 闯入The thieves broke into the office and stole some money.小偷闯入办公室,偷了一些钱。

  The bandits broke into the jewelry and stole near all the valuable necklaces.

  土匪们闯进了珠宝店盗走了几乎所有值钱的项链。

  打断;插话

  突然…起来 to break into song突然唱起歌来

  The crowd broke into cheers and the drunk bowed 初中物理.

  观众们爆发出一阵欢呼,醉汉鞠了一躬。

  The car windows broke into pieces when the two cars crashed into each other.

  两辆车相撞时车上的窗玻璃破裂成碎片。

  The new waitress dropped the dish on the floor, and it broke into fragments.

  新来的女服务员把菜盘子掉在地上,摔成了碎片。

  勉强动用 to break into one's savings勉强动用存款

  break of 除去(某人的)习性 They broke him of his addiction.他们除去他吸毒的瘾。

  Doctors keep trying to break him of smoking the drug.医生多次设法使他戒毒。

  break out逃脱;逃出 to break out of prison越狱而逃

  突然发生 Fire broke out in the kitchen.厨房突然发生了火灾。

  It was almost midnight that a fire broke out in the neighbourhood.

  昨天快半夜了这儿附近发生了火灾。

  World War II broke out in 1939.第二次世界大战是1939年爆发的。

  His back broke out in spots.他背上出现了许多斑点。

  She broke out in curses in her dream.她在梦中大声咒骂起来。

  The fire broke out in the basement.地下室着了火。

  Hostilities have broken out between the two countries. 两国之间爆发了战争。

  break through突破 After the storm the sun broke through the clouds.风暴过后太阳冲破了云层。

  At last, those physicians and specialists broke through in their fight against heart disease.

  那些内科医生和专家们终于在同心脏病的斗争中取得了突破。

  The guerrillas soon broke through.游击队很快就突围了。

  break up分裂; 结束;解散

  The crowd started to break up when the night fell.天快黑时人群开始散开了。

  The ice will break up when the warm weather comes.天气转暖,冰层就会破裂。

  Their marriage broke up.他们的婚姻破裂了。

  The police broke up the fighting crowd. 警察驱散了打架的人群。

  He may break up under all this pressure.在这么大的压力下他可能会崩溃。

  Break it up!别打啦!

  The company top meeting didn't break up until midnight.公司高层会议到半夜才结束。

  The police broke up the fight among the two black gangs. 警察驱散了两个黑帮间的殴斗。

  (学校)开始放假When will you break up this winter?今年冬季你们什么时候放假?

  使发笑;逗乐;使苦恼 That joke really broke me up. 那个笑话可把我逗乐了。

  近义词: burst crack fracture interruption interval letup pause rest rupture violation

  反义词: mend repair

  初中英语写作学习的四大误区

  【写作学习的四大误区】,初中的同学们,很多人对写作文有着很大的误区,就让浅陌来和大家说说在学习英语写作方面的误区吧。

  通过对近些年出题的趋势来看,中考对英语写作的考察更偏重于交际情景设置和不同体裁的要求,但是由于客观和种种主观原因,很多同学的作文容易走入种种误区,这些误区主要体现在以下方面:

  一、构思、准备不充分,匆忙下笔

  任何一篇作文出题都是有它独特的道理的,所以提前审题和构思就显得必不可少了。很多孩子目前存在一个情况,想到哪写到哪,有记流水帐的习惯;这也造成了作文杂乱无章,毫无条理 初中政治,同时容易出现写错单词和用错句型的情况。针对这种情况可以从以下几个方面予以解决:

  1、认真审题,审题的重点放在写作体裁、格式、字数方面,确保第一遍审题就能保证得到基本分。

  2、确定文体和时态,因为不同的文体要求的写作格式也是不同的。

  3、列提纲,打草稿,然后修改。这样可以保证错误降低至最少或者没有错误,同时也能保持卷面整洁。

  二、中心重点不突出,切题不准确

  英语写作不是语文散文(形散神不散),写英语作文,尤其是在中考大压力下短时内写出高分作文一定要注意这一点。造成这种情况的主要原因是动笔前并没有认真审题和思考,对出题者希望得到的预期尚未揣摩透彻,这也就造成了一些同学虽然语言功底非常不错,但是最终的结果还是没有拿到一个自己预期的心理分数,最大的问题就出在切题不准确或者不够突出中心上了。

  三、忽视文化差异

  我们要时刻牢记一点,中英文表达方式有很大的差异,所以体现在作文表达上也常常会出现生硬的中国式作文表达,降低了我们的作文质量。所以注重中英语言差异,并努力找到两者之间的表达方式上的共通点,并且有意识的运用就能避免类似的问题。

  四、忽视细节,无谓失分

  很多孩子在写作文时常常感觉"下笔如有神",但最终结果出来后大惑不解。这方面的问题主要体现在忽视标点、书写、段落安排、大小写的问题,所以只要更加注重细节,这些无谓失分就可以解决。

  名词difficulty的三个重要搭配

  一、后接in doing sth

  difficulty后接in doing sth时,意思是“做某事有困难”,其中的介词in含有while的意思,表示“当……的时候”“在……的过程中”,整个结构的.意思是“当做某事的时候有困难”“在做某事的过程中有困难”。如:

  We had difficulty in finding a parking place. 我们费了很大劲才找到一个停车位。

  They shouldn’t have any difficulty in finding the house. 他们找这房子时大概不会有困难。

  If you should have any difficulty in getting spare parts ring this number. 万一你买备件时遇到什么困难,请打这个电话号码。

  One way of deciding what to do when you have difficulty in choosing the best course of action is to toss a coin. 当人们遇到困难不知选什么行动方案最好的时候,一个办法就是扔硬币来决定干什么好。

  注:该结构中的介词in有时可以省略。如:

  I had difficulty carrying out the plan. 我执行这项计划有困难。

  She was having great difficulty getting her car out, and so I had to move my car to let her out. 当时她正无法把车子开出来,所以我就移开了我的车子让她开出来。

  另外,若difficulty后没有出现动名词,而是接名词,则要用with sth。如:

  Some people had difficulty with the lecture, but most understood. 有些人听讲有困难,但大部分人听懂了。

  If you have the least difficulty with the arrangements for the conference, phone me at once. 如果你安排会议有什么困难,马上给我打电话 初三。

  二、后接about doing sth

  difficulty后接 about doing sth时,表示关于做某事的困难,其中的介词about意为“关于”。如:

  There shouldn’t be any difficulty about getting you a visa. 给你弄个签证不会有什么困难吧。

  注:about后也可直接跟名词作宾语,此时的about仍表示“关于”的意思。如:

  There oughtn’t to have been any difficulty about it 此事本不应有什么困难。

  此时还可用介词over表示类似意思。如:

  There doesn’t seem to have been any difficulty over the money question. 在钱的问题上似乎没发生什么困难。

  三、后接of doing sth

  difficulty后接of doing sth时,表示做某事的困难,其中介词of表示所属关系,相当汉语的“的”字。如:

  He tried to explain to me the difficulty of learning to cook from books. 他向我解释照着书本烹饪的困难。

  One of the annoyances of working here is the difficulty of parking near the office. 在这里有一件伤脑筋的事,就是在办公处附近很难停车。

  Both “feat” and “achievement” emphasize the difficulty of accomplishing something mental or physical. feat和achievement均着重指在脑力或体力方面完成某事物的艰巨性。

  注:of后也可直接跟名词作宾语,此时的介词of仍表示所属关系,意为“……的困难”。如:

  She has no notion of the difficulty of this problem. 她不了解这个问题的难处。

  Do you understand the difficulty of my position? 你了解我处境的困难吗?

  初中英语语法大全之代词it用法

  【—之代词it用法】关于代词it用法的知识,老师做下面的讲解学习。

  代词it用法:

  it 指上文的某个事物,和上文是同一个。

  This book is very useful. I will take good care of it.

  it也可指上文所说的事:

  My son has lost himself in the computer games. I’m worried 初中物理 about it.

  上面对代词it用法的讲解,同学们都能很好的掌握了吧,相信同学们英语语法会掌握的很好的。

  英语中只能用复数形式的名词

  中只能用复数形式的名词

  一、一些成双成对的名词只有复数形式

  一些成双成对的名词通常只有复数形式,常见的有jeans (年仔裤), headphones (耳机), trousers (裤子), clothes (衣服), pants (短裤), glasses (眼镜), shoes (鞋子), sunglasses (太阳镜), scissors (剪刀), compasses (圆规)。这些名词可单独作主语,动词用复数形式 初中学习方法,也可用…pair/pairs of修饰,作主语时动词取决于pair的形式。

  二、一些食物名词只有复数形式

  一些食物名词只有复数形式,常见的有noodles, vegetables, snacks。

  We will have noodles for supper this evening. 今天晚上我们吃面条。

  She likes to eat snacks very much. 她很喜欢吃零食。

  三、一些固定短语中的名词只有复数形式

  一些固定短语中的名词只有复数形式,常见有的express one’s thanks to sb. (向某人表达感激之情), a letter of thanks (一封感谢信), in high/low spirits (情绪高涨/低落), have sports (进行体育活动)。

  Look, all of them are in high spirits. 瞧,他们的情绪都很高涨。

  四、一些不可数名词只有复数形式

  一些不可数名词只有复数形式,但却表示单数概念,常见的有news (消息), means (手段)。

  As we all know, no news is good news. 众所周知,没有消息就是好消息。

  五、一些专有名词只有复数形式

  一些专有名词只有复数形式,但却表示单数概念,常见的有:the United States (美国), the United Nations (联合国), the United Kingdoms (英国), the Arabian Nights (《一千零一夜》)。

  As far as I know, the United Nations was set up in 1925. 就我所知的而言,联合国成立于1925年。

  六、一些表示庆祝、祝贺的名词只有复数形式

  一些表示庆祝、祝贺的名词只有复数形式,常见的有:celebrations (庆祝), congratulations (祝贺)。

  Do you go in for the New Year celebrations every year?你们每年都庆祝新年吗?

  beat, hit, strike的区别

  1. beat 指反复地打,尤指用木棍或其它较硬的东西打。如:

  He beat the boy with a stick. 他用棍子打那孩子。

  注意以下用法:

  (1) beat 还可表示“(心脏)跳动”(注意联想心脏跳动的连续性与beat 表示“打”的反复性)。

  (2) “打鼓”、“打拍子”等均强调动作的连续和反复,因此可分译为:beat a drum, beat time.

  2. hit 指有目标地重重一击,侧重击中的意思。如:

  He hit 初三 me in the face, 他打了我一耳光。

  3. strike 指急速地或突然地用力打击或敲击。如:

  The car ran out of control and struck a tree. 汽车失去控制,撞在树上。

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